Helium Mining | Antenna Increases Profit | Why Some People Make $3000 a Month But Most Don’t | HNT

hey what’s up chaps it’s moto tech today i’mbringing another video related to helium mining so some of you guys were asking how come thereare beings building three thousand dollars a month and there are some other people who areonly making about a few dollars a month well one of the greatest intellects i will tell you isbecause of the antennas okay and i dislike to break it to you but size questions alright and if youagree with me satisfy smash-up that subscribe button and clink that like for this video thank you verymuch i’m glad we are on the same page we’re going to do a whiteboard session today i will explain toyou some basic knowledge on antenna and hopefully that will help you understand and actually choosewhich type of antenna will maximize your profit before we get started actually there is anothertopic i want to talk about some people are talking about this amazon sidewalk and how it’scompeting with helium so if you don’t know what amazon sidewalk is basically as of two weeks agoamazon decided to enable the sidewalk function on all of their sidewalk corroborated devices that areechoes echoing devices those cameras and elixirs basically they started transmitting anotherfrequency at about 900 megahertz and sharing your wi-fi with your neighbors or whoever’s walkingthrough your room mostly down the street that’s why it’s called sidewalk right andi don’t know i personally i’m not i’m not cool with that at all you’re just how cansome how are you able only enable my design and share my internet with the public withoutmy consent right i hope some creeds i hope i hope they get sued on on this because this isunacceptable think about there are people who are running on data if you’re running on comcast youprobably have a terabyte data means right and um you know and now amazon is sharing expending your datain the background um like you i mean they’re not probably not going to be using a lot but that’sstill your data it counts towards you that one terabyte what can you do with one gig of datayou can probably watch a movie right or watch two incidents of some shows you like uh but that beingsaid um it’s actually i believe that’s actually a good thing for helium because they’re essentiallythe same thing you know helium is most currently is mostly for iots and the sidewalk from amazon isalso aiming towards iots that being said why would amazon step into this area without knowing there’sa huge profit in there right does that make sense and they’ve been building these devices for yearsso you know they started this many years ago and now they’re just activating it so it theythey have been planning for this for a long time all right but this will be another day’stopic but let’s get back to this antenna topic so i actually got my rack v2 miner yesterdayin the mailbox i was so happy about it um it’s actually upstairs at the highest floorin my house i can’t i don’t have access to my uh roof so i’m just gonna kept it as high aspossible next to a space and hopefully that works it finished sinking last nightit only took a few hours with fiber internet and so now is trying to communicate with otherminers as of this morning the outermost out witness i had was about 43 kilometers which isactually somewhat far from a space all right and i will tell you that i did not use the antenna thatcame out from the box i will show you right here so this is the box and as you can see the antenna ogle the uh yeah the antenna that came with it well we’ll talk about this laterall right such a small antenna all right so mostly a few there are a few major thingsi want to talk about um you know there are miners they’re ads out there and sayinghey we sell the best miners they’re more and more uh creators getting approvedout there to produce helium miners and of course everybody’s gonna say hey our miners gonnahelp you perform the most profit it is the fastest miner all right the fastest miner so all rightwe’re not mining bitcoin now we’re not mining ethereum now we’re doing proof of coverage youneed to provide coverage you don’t need to provide the hasten the the computing quicken that younormally do with all these other miners the key is not the invention itself in fact mostof these devices simply single council computers like raspberry pi like they’re probably just allraspberry pi’s with different shell around it the portion that are actually questions is your antenna thatis your bread and butter that is what’s actually rendering your the coverage and that’s actuallywhat’s constituting you fund if you can’t connected to other parties while you’re mining helium youprobably won’t be able to make a lot of revenue okay so when we speak about antennas there are currently fewthings we need to talk about in tana so number one we’re gonna talk about size okay this isuh i believe this is the most popular topic even though nobody genuinely wants to talk aboutit but we’re going to talk about this today now we’re going to talk about the size of yourantenna and number two we’re going to talk about elevation and crowd three we’re going totalk about the type of antenna and clearly this will probablygo into a little bit about like polarization um and some ofthe other stuff all right so when we talk about antennas in antenna sizethere’s a very important concept called swr so this is a ratio that measures theperformance effectiveness of an antenna and it normally that’s the most ideal onewill be a one-to-one ratio and uh you you can almost never find it maybe like a1. 1 to one that’s a little more doable i actually have erected um feelers myselfpersonally that’s at a 1.1 swr at a certain frequency okay that’s why different frequenciesrequire different antennas to work efficiently like if you have a very high swr ratio let’ssay 3.1 so that means you’re um let’s say you’re transmit five watts right and and you’reactually not uh exerting your your capability efficiently it’s not going to get out as far as as someof these antennae got two to one or like a 1.5 to 1 swr and more importantly a lot of radiosthey’re not able to deal with a three to one swr hooking up that feeler to your radio willactually impair your radio so if you don’t know what you’re doing with your feeler please don’thook up some like random um antenna and end up destroying your radio you know how how difficultit is to get a helium minor these days you know the backlog is really long and if you have want tobuy from those some third party you have to buy you have to spend like two three thousand dollarsto get one that’s insane utterly stupid so now we know um swr is importantso we need to figure out how to get to that low-spirited swr right so size will definitelyhelp and the reason size aids is because these different frequencies they have differentwavelength um i’m not going to get into detail on that there’s purposed speculations on how tocalculate full wavelength part wavelength half wavelength for example i’m i’m so used tocalculating a fourth wavelength which is just 235 divided by the frequency in megahertzand then you get the quarter wavelength in paw and then based on that you can builda quarter wavelength antenna which makes very well in most of the environment in fact umlike i i build one feelers i’m going to try it out um this is a uh i actually improved a uh this is nota quarter wavelength this is actually a um 5 8 wavelength antenna for 915 megahertz and i builtthis representation based on uh their if you know what a jungle feeler called you know it’s it’s a in themilitary there used to be a in world war ii or vietnam um when people are fighting in the jungleit’s very difficult for them to transmit because of uh the dirt playing uh is wet and becausethe uh the trees all the you know the canopies it’s it’s it’s hard to to talk so what theycame up with the idea is construct this type of antenna apparently they didn’t use pvc pipesit was just like cables feeing through i made this pvc hose because i wanted to be a littlebit more uh rigid the radiating articles on the top and normally this this the top slouse isactually hanging from the tree okay this this you have to chuck a force all the wayup in the tree and you hang this thing up and this is the uh piece that that’s connectingto uh the uh feed boundary um and the transmission line and there’s a feed place right here which isbasically soldered to the center of the coax cable and then you have the outer shell of the coaxcable is hooked up to these three there’s actually three wires in here too and uh they they’re kindof like reflectors but they’re actually providing that uh uh ground playing for this type ofantenna um and if you like you’re familiar with uh talking to aircraft and all that you’ve probablyseen something very similar exactly not hanging the trees but uh they likewise required to ensure that ground planefor um for the signal to actually bounce up higher um you know because because you can there’s whenyou’re impart there’s a ground curve right like these feelers shoots out like horizontalwaves straight out and there’s like a um a airwave that kind of goes up and start bendingnow and there’s some actually going down um going downwards and you’re kind of waste thoseenergy so what happens is you you create a forge ground plane with this wire or even like a metalplate so it reflects the intensity back up and when you reflect it back up there’s more intensity goingup it will go up to the atmosphere and it will bounce off from the ionosphere and and then youwill be able to like reach out to somewhere that’s actually further out and that’s why this antennais actually very um very effective um like formerly my miner does set up and syncing and start doing somechallenges i’m actually going to test this myself fabricated revised forest antenna out and tosee how well this works all right fairly of that but the point was that you need toconstruct it is necessary to a antenna that’s either a one-fourth wavelength okay all right i’m soreally sorry about that chaps so um all my uh dry erasers decide to quit on me at the sametime but i’m going to still finish up this video okay chaps so you must say all rightjust trimmed to the point what does that even mean freedom all right i will excuse so let’s say you’re this that’sactually a pretty big turtle sorry guys let’s see you’re this turtleright here okay here’s this turtle and you’re trying to transmit um and you wantto you want to transmit to there is another turtle right here something like that there are afew ways to transmit so you can stand up antenna you can just go and then he gets the signal right and when youincrease this distance it gets harder and harder for the movement to travel and peculiarly when there’ssomething like a building in between or something else like a little mountain right here and thenyou may not be able to reach him from there so when you’re using different antennas they havedifferent takeoff inclinations and they have different propagation patterns and for example if youchoose to have a quarter wavelength antenna so a one-quarter wavelength feeler is commonly useduh in omnidirectional antenna and is because you know the the half wavelength is very idealfor a dipole uh which is like a horizontal um polarized feeler or a full wavelength you knowwhy don’t we use full wavelength that’s because four wavelengths is better to make a like aloop antenna and uh it’s it’s better was endeavouring to to catch to shoot towards one guidance andthere’s different consumption of these feelers of course and if we make a quarter wavelengthantenna right these feelers are actually really good at shooting upwards and when you’reshooting neglect the pattern we’re just going to ignore the pattern going backwards um we’reonly saying hey we’re going forward and the loop the the propagation ripple kind of looks likethis obviously this this thing exits out right it moves out it’s pretty big it exits out all right umand some of this thing vanish or here it goes up to the atmosphere let’s say this is the sky righthere it will go up and then it will shoot down um and you may miss this person right here but don’tworry you got some of these other points right it may shoot up now and then it decides boom allright well that’s still missed let’s try again and you have this one over here and your shootsup and then okay lastly we reach this antenna and you have the ones various kinds of like shootinguh forward um you can actually do this the antenna will actually bend um believe it ornot they will actually bending the signal and they will be able to travel across and then you havethese ground movements will time bounce off the um you are able to either get absorbed by all thesethings in between or will get manifested back and then go backwards and clearly uma for a uh omnidirectional you know you have this curve in all directions okay soit will too go backwards it’s the same differential wavelength too have differentpropagation blueprints and for a let’s say five uh five and a 5 8 so 5 8 is a little bit moreflat all right so it’s more like this 5 8. So it doesn’t have the top version so not a lot of itis actually going upwards and returning and that’s why a fourth wavelength is better if you are ina low-pitched place if it’s trying to shoot higher okay if there are hot spots that’s at a higher locationand you are low um a fourth wavelength will work better than a 5 8 wavelength a 5 8 wavelengthit does better when it’s more flat all right and then you have these other patterns let’s say a now we have a 10 dbi all rightantenna right here two antennae and there are some trees let’s say there’sa tree undoubtedly one tree is probably not going to do much to a 900 megahertzfrequency but we’re just use in such cases let’s suck a kind of imaginary flat route sothe dissemination motif for a 900 megahertz uh 10 dbi is normally at 20 degreestakeoff angle propose the strongest the strongest propagation like the clique righthere this degree right here is going to be about 20 or even less maybe like 10 degrees that’sthat’s about right maybe like 10 to 15 positions so if you’re trying to shoot over this right you maystill have some like other big ones right here but these are very weak the signal strengthis very weak you may not be able to make it that far this is your best part so if thisis only exiting at 20 measures it’s not going to shoot through this tree well it will but i’mjust saying let’s say let’s just meet something let’s say you can’t shoot through this there’ssome metal stuff over here you can’t shoot through it’s going to stop it will never make it tothe other end so there’s a few cases things you can do right if this guy’s distance is not far awayfrom you you can reduce the dbi of your antenna and what that happens it are really changethe dissemination decoration and let’s say you change it to a 6 db which has a about like a40 magnitudes or like 35 40 degree takeoff tilt and then you will be able to have a the thestrongest signal structure like right here you know so it will actually shoot through this with4 0 severity ish and then either bounce off something bounce off something comes down or it will justslowly die down to uh to your target right here uh sorry about this drawing it’s not the bestdrawing um another thing you can do let’s say you still want that 10 dbi because it has thepotential to shoot a good deal further out you can raise the height of the antenna like right nowwe’re down now but what if we raise the summit on this antenna so 20 severity will definitelybe higher and it will shoot over this object that’s uh blocking our signal it is therefore willstart going back down to this antenna right here you don’t have to be absolutely line of sightof course you you simply need the signal to get there somehow um i got you know there’s somecrazy stories um in the past years where i deal a lot with radios and antennas i have hadsituations where i made some crazy transmission in the thunderstorm and then the person who’sreceiving was actually very close to me and the signal precisely bouncing up and down and up anddown and everywhere perhaps stored under the vapour funny stored in the cloud actually real vapour andthen eventually it bounced back down to the target um after about 45 times or 40 or 45 minutesit eventually got there it you know that’s that’s absolutely insane i cannot find anythingto explain i “ive already” turned my radio off everything was turned off and then his radiowasn’t receiving until 45 minutes later and you know that that says there’sjust some spell going on here but trust me they bounce off of objectives and theywill find their way um to your objective it you know somehow all right so that kind of brought usto our net our next topic which was the elevation um you don’t ever wishes to conjure ithigher and when you hasten a higher let’s say let’s say right here you are high antenna and there is like a hotspot right here you have a 10 dpi feeler you are in a position to totally overshoot this hot spot youmay not be able to reach it but you will be able to reach something else so when you look at themap you’re doing the planning on what type of antenna you’re going to use just look to see ifyou have a lot of um hotspots around you already if you do you are not able need a 10 dbi 10 d dbi isreally high-pitched and you probably just need like a 5 or even a 4 dbi and precisely articulated it on your ontop of your ceiling um and you’ll be good you’ll be able to cover all these all these thingsand then you won’t be able to have like all you won’t be you won’t have as big as ablind spot um as utilizing like a 10 dbi antenna so um i hope that concludes feel um and then also onelevation say you’re on top of a mountain um you want to kind of that’s when you kind of want touse a more if your goal is to let’s say shoot out in all directions as far as possible then sure usethe army directional but if you’re on the mountain and then your backside is still mountain butyou’re like departing shooting towards the city operation a one directional feeler like a very directionaleven like a yagi feeler might actually operate a lot better especially with all those reflectorsso a yagi antenna’s disseminating decoration right so you’re jagging handle first looks like thisall right so that’s like an antenna like this and you have some displays in the in thebeginning that’s not fixed to any dominance and you actually have the transmittinguh transmission line coming through to to hook up to the middle um middle blade and thenyou have some other ones in the back those are just reflectors trying to push all the way intothis one direction so the so like with the pattern for a antenna actually looks like something likethis all right very small leaves now very small very small very small so most of this is goingto work this direction and then as the interval increases obviously this is going to radiate outokay um so if you’re like far away in mountain somewhere you found a spot and you decide to hookit hook your feeler and your hospital over there and uh try a yagi out it you actually will lateron perhaps i will show you a spot where people actually set up a set of a one directional antennaat a crest boundary or in the mountain somewhere okay so that being said typos for antenna wejust has spoken about yagi and there’s obviously some other ones like a dipole what a dipole isyou have a transmission line going up and then you have a line goes to the left you’re going togoes to the right these things drive pretty well okay and these are the these two linesright here they are the transmission piece what’s the problem with this theproblem with this is the polarization so the polarization ofantenna matters a good deal because let’s say i have a vertically verticalantenna with a vertical polarization okay so the electrical environment of this antenna because there’s current going through theelectric ooze discipline will be vertical and then the horizontal will be its magnetic field the mode the receiving terminate will actuallyreceive is having another vertical feeler and when the magnetic field that’s slashing throughyou check like your your feeler will probably be when’s slouse through the feelers going throughhere now here now now now here there’s like a a long distance right you can go through it’swhen the magnetic field is chipping through a piece of metal which is your antenna it will create acurrent and this current is feed into your radio and that’s how your radio can start translatingthese signals if you just have a horizontal land let’s say if you have ahorizontal in this case like if you have a dipole and i have a horizontalantenna a polarized antenna you will flip the horizontal field will be the electricalfield which doesn’t matter for the purpose of receiving and now you have the horizontal realm for foryour magnetic field the magnetic field like look at this my hand is the magneticfield right this is the antenna you’re just gonna go through it hollers andthen you’re gone there’s nothing else instead of like instead of if it’s a horizontalthere’s antenna you know there’ll be like you’re still getting signal you’regetting signal blah blah blah see this is why polarization worksthis is probably a bad resemblance but you probably get an idea all right i tryto make it simple as simple as possible so that tell me anything likewise uh let’s sayyou have an antenna you’re using some out of box uh antenna or you’re extendingup your antenna on top of your ceiling make sure since most people are using a verticalum horizon polarized antenna make sure your antenna is also standing up straight-shooting okay if it’stilting because hurricane if it’s just for some intellect your your um like your house is on the ascent andyou try to uh your antenna intent up being like a little bit offset instead of get directly thenmake sure the feeler is actually straight that will actually increase your uh trans uh signala lot uh you will getting be coming a lot more uh profit all right chaps i know you probably stillhave a lot more questions but this will be the end of this uh the first conference on the antennasand in the future i’ll obviously get more uh illustrate more about salving coin and how youcan improve your profit and also how we can help some miners in our area to increase uh our profitstogether you know like antenna is most important it’s really exasperating to see there like fouror five miners in my area and then they’re just not communicating at all the antennas not seeingeach other and not providing the coverage because with five four to five people if we all set up ourantenna right we can definitely make about 100 or 200 heliums per month that being said if you havemore questions delight subscribe to my channel and leave a comment below i’ll try my best to answerthem and if you wonder how i constructed my jungle feeler like uh this one emphatically um leave acomment below i may make a different video merely to explain how you can construct something like thisbut yeah in the future i’ll do more videos more technological and more technical video on the heliummining um thanks a lot guys we’ll told you next time

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