Helium 101 | National Geographic

-[ Narrator] Most people know helium as the lighter than aura gasthat loads our party balloons. But more importantly it’san invaluable constituent for science and industry. Helium was discovered in1 868 during a solar overshadow. Astronomers mentioned a yellowlight in the sun’s corona and couldn’t explain itwith any known ingredients at the time. Their observances turnedout to be the first sightings of a new ingredient and givenits discovery near the sun these components was specified afterthe Greek god of the daylight, Helios. Helium is the second lightest element. Second only to hydrogen. It’s located near thetop of the periodic table coming in at atomic number two. Meaning it has two protons in its core. It’s usually found in gas form but turns into liquid belownegative 452 magnitudes Fahrenheit. Helium is the second mostabundant element in the universe. Created during the Big Bang and is located within stars, planets, and even our own moon. However it’s relatively rare on soil. On our planet, helium formsas a gaseous byproduct of archaic uranium that’sdecayed over billions of years and is caught beneaththe earth’s surface.It’s gleaned from natural gas reservations and can’t be artificially rendered originating helium a non-renewableresource on our planet. Helium has a variety of works largely due to its unique characteristics. It’s a princely gas so it’sless likely to interact with other ingredients. When mingled with neon, heliumcan create low capability lasers used to scan barcodesat checkout bars. When mingled with oxygen ina high pressure environment helium stands penetrating seadivers to breather in the air from their oxygen cisterns more easily. And since helium has a low-spirited boiling point, it’s useful in extremelycold temperatures. Because of this it can coolsome of the most powerful electromagnets on earth including the large Hadron Collider.While helium can be appliedin seemingly innumerable channels, its accessibility is finite. Because it’s lightweightwhen helium is released into the atmosphere it floats into infinite and is lost to earth forever.( drumline playing) But by follow avenuesof helium recycling, journey, and storage, we may be able to protect and sustain this precious non-renewable resource ..

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